Owing to Brazil’s continental dimensions, varied geography, history and people, the country’s culture is rich and diverse. It has several regional variations, and in spite of being mostly unified by a single language, some regions are so different from each other that they look like different countries altogether.
*North – leave the glamorous cities and beaches of Brazil’s central and southern coast behind and see the wilder part of the country, where cities didn’t really develop until the 19th century. Northern Brazil is the place to see the enormous Amazon rainforest.
*Northeast – or Nordeste is one of the liveliest – a land of sunny beaches, colonial towns, vibrating street parties, music and friendly people.
*Central West – the region offers excellent opportunities for eco-tourism activities such as exploring caves, rappelling down waterfalls or just trekking through the cerrado (an ecosystem similar, in some ways, to the savannah). It is also well known for the Pantanal, the world’s largest wetland, close to the Brazil’s western border.
*Southeast – is the cultural and economic hub of the country, and contains three of the four largest cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte. It also has a lot to see outside of the cities, with national parks such as *Itatiaia (map) and *Serra da Canastra (map) and a long and beautiful coastline with popular destinations like *Paraty (map), *Caraguatatuba (map), and *Guarapari (map).
*South – its attractions range from the historic Jesuit ruins of *Missões to the excellent beaches of *Santa Catarina (map) and the unmissable *Iguaçu Falls (map).