Republic of North Macedonia constitutes approximately the northern third of the larger geographical *region of Macedonia. The Romans established the province of Macedonia in 146 BC. North Macedonia has a rich cultural heritage in art, architecture, poetry and music. It has many ancient, protected religious sites.
Skopje, the capital and largest city. *Ohrid (map), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in the southwestern part of the country on the eastern shore of Lake Ohrid. The town is perhaps the most popular tourist destination in the country, which is largely due to the beaches and atmosphere. Like many cities in the country, *Bitola (map) has also had a rich history. *Heraclea Lyncestis, one of North Macedonia’s largest archaeological sites. Kruševo (map) is the highest town in North Macedonia, situated at an altitude of over 4,429 feet (1350 m) above sea level.
Mavrovo (map), located in the northwestern part of the country, is the largest of the three national parks. It is home to several river valleys, gorges, waterfalls, caves, and other morphological formations. Stone town of Kuklica (map), located outside *Kratovo, is an area consisting of more than 120 naturally formed stone pillars that are over 10 million years old.
Skopje International Airport. Perhaps the most common way of travelling in the country, the buses are frequent and quite reliable, if sometimes a bit slow and old (though not exactly dilapidated).