*Cottonera (Three Cities) – The name used when referring to the three historic and ancient cities of Birgu (aka Vittoriosa, map), Isla (aka Senglea, map) and Bormla (aka Cospicua, map), three towns conglomerated by 16th century fortifications called the Cottonera lines. *Mdina (map) – Malta’s well-preserved quiet old capital.
The *Megalithic Temples of Malta are some of the oldest buildings in the world, as such they have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Seven megalithic temples are found on the islands of Malta and Gozo, each the result of an individual development. The two temples of Ggantija on the island of Gozo are notable for their gigantic Bronze Age structures.
Malta is a nation of just under 450,000 people, yet its infrastructure is required to support over 1.1 million tourists every year. Malta’s water works, roads, waste management systems and beaches are stretched to capacity in the summer months of July and August of every year, when tourism numbers are at their peak.
The islands’ sole airport is Malta International Airport. There are frequent fast ferries (virtuferries.com) to the Sicilian port of Catania (3 hours) and Pozzallo, Italy (90 minutes). There is the regular ferry service between Ċirkewwa on Malta and Mġarr on Gozo (gozochannel.com).