Rome. Travel & Tourism

City of Rome

Rome is the capital city of Italy. The city has been a major human settlement for almost three millennia. Rome’s history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe.

Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued a coherent architectural and urban programme over four hundred years, aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world. In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism.

Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.

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Much of the attraction of Rome is in just wandering around the old city. You can quickly escape from the major tourist routes and feel as if you are in a small medieval village, not a capital city.

 !  As a rule, you should pretty much never carry anything very valuable in any outside pocket, especially the front pocket of your pants.

Among the most significant resources: plenty of museums – Capitoline Museums (map), the Vatican Museums (map), Galleria Borghese (map) >> museodiroma.it

Other popular sites include *St Peter’s Basilica (map), the Roman Forum (map), the *Pantheon (map), the *Trevi Fountain (map), the *Spanish Steps (map), *Via Condotti (map), the *Villa Borghese gardens (map), the *Villa Giulia (National Etruscan Museum, map), *Piazza Navona (map), the *Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (map), the *Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano (map), the *Castel Sant’Angelo (map), the *Campo de’ Fiori (map), the *Quirinal Palace (map), the *Lateran Palace (map) and the Palazzo Barberini (map), to name a few.

Vatican City (wiki, map) is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city.

The Esquilino rione (map), off Termini Railway Station (map), has evolved into a largely immigrant neighbourhood. It is perceived as Rome’s Chinatown. Immigrants from more than a hundred different countries reside there. A commercial district, Esquilino contains restaurants featuring many kinds of international cuisine.

Everyone one week a year there is no charge for admittance to all publicly owned landmarks and historical sites. This week, known as “La settimana dei beni culturali”, typically occurs in mid-May and for those 7 to 10 days every landmark, archaeological site and museum belonging to government agencies is accessible and free of charge.

For two weeks in August, many of Rome’s inhabitants shut up shop (literally) and go on their own vacations; many stores, restaurants and other amenities will be closed during this time.

Public transport

www.atac.roma.itRome Metro

The Metro is the most punctual form of public transportation in Rome. All lines open at 05:30 and stop running at 23:30, except Fridays and Saturdays, when the last trains leave from the stations at 01:30.

Tickets for regular ATAC buses, Metro, and trams are the same fares and are compatible with each other. Roma Pass includes full access to the public transport system. There is also an alternative pass called OMNIA Vatican and Rome which includes the services provided by Roma Pass.

***Hubs of the night buses are Termini and Piazza Venezia. All the bus lines have the prefix “N”; N1 and N2 routes are similar to metro line A and B respectively, N28 for line C.

The Tram routes mostly skirt the historic centre, but there are stops convenient for the Vatican, the Colosseum, and the Trastevere area. The number 8 does run into the centre to Largo Argentina, not far from the Pantheon, and terminate at Piazza Venezia.

L’aeroporto di Roma FiumicinoCiampino–G. B. Pastine International Airport.

23 San Paolo – Ostiense – Piazza Risorgimento (St. Peter and Vatican Museums).

40 Stazione Termini – St. Peter. The 40 arches from the Termini station through the historic centre and then up to the Castel Sant’Angelo, near the Vatican. It is considered an express route, so its stops are spaced about 800 m (1/2 mile) apart; but it is also very frequent, very convenient for most places that the Metro does not go to, and very fast, especially compared to other routes.

64 Stazione Termini – Corso Vittorio Emanuele II – St. Peter. The 64 also goes from Termini to the Vatican. It is a favourite with pickpockets.

75 Stazione Termini – Forum Romanum – Colosseum – Testaccio – Trastevere.

81 San Giovanni in Laterano – Colosseum – Piazza Venezia – Piazza Risorgimento (St. Peter and Vatican Museums).

115 Largo Fiorentini (near Vittorio Emanuele bridge) – Gianicolo – Trastevere.

116 Via Veneto – Campo de Fiori – Piazza Navona – Terminal Gianicolo (St. Peter).

117 San Giovanni in Laterano – Colosseum – Piazza di Spagna – Piazza del Popolo.

***The 116 and 117 are little electric buses which wind through the Centro Storico; 117 does not work on holidays.

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