Vienna has a rich history as the capital city of the monarchy, and thus, there is an abundance of historical buildings and museums. The heart and historical city of Vienna, a large part of today’s *Innere Stadt (map), was a fortress surrounded by fields in order to defend itself from potential attackers.
Art Nouveau left many architectural traces in city. The Secession building (map), Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station (map), and the Kirche am Steinhof (map) by Otto Wagner rank among the best known examples of Art Nouveau in the world.
Vienna’s principal park is the Prater (map) which is home to the Riesenrad, a Ferris wheel. The imperial Schönbrunn’s (map) grounds contain an 18th-century park which includes the world’s oldest zoo, founded in 1752.
The Hofburg (map) is the location of the Imperial Treasury (Schatzkammer), holding the imperial jewels of the Habsburg dynasty. The Sisi Museum (a museum devoted to Empress Elisabeth of Austria) allows visitors to view the imperial apartments as well as the silver cabinet.
Directly opposite the Hofburg are the Kunsthistorisches Museum (map), which houses many paintings by old masters, ancient and classical artifacts, and the Naturhistorisches Museum (Natural History Museum, map).
A number of museums are located in the MuseumsQuartier (map), the former Imperial Stalls which were converted into a museum complex in the 1990s. It houses the Museum of Modern Art, commonly known as the MUMOK (Ludwig Foundation), the Leopold Museum (featuring the largest collection of paintings in the world by *Egon Schiele.
There are a multitude of other museums in Vienna, including the Albertina (map), Museum of Art Fakes (map). Vienna Museum on Karlsplatz. There are also more than 100 art museums >> List of museums in Vienna (wiki)
The vast majority of shops, restaurants, and cafes are closed on Sunday. The Naschmarkt (map) is a permanent market for fruit, vegetables, spices, fish, meat, etc., from around the world. The city has many coffee and breakfast stores.
Viennese Christmas Markets (“Christkindlmarkt”, “Weihnachtsmarkt”) most are not so much for shopping as for eating and drinking, open from November 15 or 20 to December 23 or 24.
In 2009 the yellow tourist Vienna Ring Tram was established, which travels around the Ringstraße for €9 and has an audio guide in several languages. The famous ‘ring lines’ 1 and 2, however, will give you the exact same view (without, of course, the audio guide) and are covered by Vienna’s normal fare zone.
You can take tram 1 (bound for Prater-Hauptalle) from Oper to Schwedenplatz and take tram 2 (bound for Ottakring) from Schwedenplatz back to Oper.